The capital of Bangladesh is Dhaka with its exciting
history and rich culture Known the world over as the city of mosques and
muslin. It has attracted travellers from far and near through ages. It has
history dating back to earliest time. But the exact date of its foundation
is not known. However, according to recorded history it was founded in 1608
A.D. as the seat of the imperial Mughal Viceroy of Bengal.
Dhaka as the capital of Bangladesh has grown into a busy city of about
seven million people with an area of about 815 sq. km Having a happy
blending of old and new architectural trends, Dhaka has been developing fast
as a modern city and is throbbing with activities in all spheres of life. It
is the centre of industrial, commercial, cultural, educational and political
activities for Bangladesh. At Tongi Teigaon, Demra, Pagla, Kanchpur the
industrial establishments turn-out daily necessities. Motijheel is the main
commercial area of the city. Dhaka's major waterfront Sadarghat is on the
bank of the river Buriganga and is crowded with all kinds of rivercraft,
yatchs, country boats, motor launches, paddle - steamers, fishermen's boats
all bustling with activity. Colourful rickshaws (tricycle) on the city
streets are common attractions for the visitors. Some of the outstanding
tourist attractions of Dhaka are:
GENERAL INFORMATION :
||: 815.85 Sq. kilometres (approx.)
||: Seven million (approx.)
||: Tropical, with heavy rainfall and bright sunshine
in the monsoon and warm for the greater part of the year. The winter
months, from November to March, are however, most likeable, cool and
||: 2540 mm annually
||: 80 percent (approx.)
Mosque : Seven domed Mosque (17th century),
Baitul Mukarram National Mosque, Star Mosque (18th century)
Hindu Temples : Dhakeshwari Temple (llth Century), Ramkrishna
Churches : Armenian Church (1781 A.D.) St.Mary's Cathedral at Ramna,
Church of Bangladesh or former Holy Rosary Church (1677 A.D.) at Teigaon.
Lalbagh Fort : It was built in 1678 A.D. by Prince Mohammad Azam,
son of Mughal emperor Aurangazeb. The fort was the scene of bloody battle
during the first war of independence (1857) when 260 sepoys stationed here
backed by the people revolted against British forces. Outstanding among the
monuments of the Lelbagh are the tomb of Pari Bibi (Fairy lady), Lalbagh
Mosque, Audience Hall and Hammam of Nawab Shaista Khan now housing a museum.
National Memorial : Located at Savar, 35, km. from Dhaka city. The
memorial designed by architect Moinul Hossein, is dedicated to the sacred
memory of the millions of unknown martyrs of the 1971 war of liberation.
1857 Memorial : (Bahadur Shah Park) Built to commemorate the martyrs
of the first liberation war (1857-59) against British rule. It was here that
the revolting sepoys and their civil compatriots mere publicly hanged.
Bangabandhu Memorial Museum : The residence of the father of the
nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman at Dhanmondi Residential Area has
been turned into a musuem. it contains rare collection of personal effects
and photographs of his lifetime.
Mukti Juddha Museum : Situatad at Segun Bagich a area of the city
contains rare photographs of Liberation war and items used by the freedom
fighters during the period.
National Museum : Centrally located, the museum contains a large
number of interesting collections including sculptures and paintings of the
Hindu, Buddhist and Muslim periods.
Science Museum : Located at Agargaon, the museum is a modern
learning Centre related to the latest scientific discoveries.
Ahsan Manzil Museum : On the bank of the river Buriganga in Dhaka
the pink majestic Ahsan Manzil has been renovated and turned into a museum
recently. It is an example of the nations r cultural heritage. It was the
home of the Nawab of Dhaka and a Silent [spectator to many events. Today's
renovated Ahsan Manzil is a monument of immense historical beauty. It has 31
rooms with a huge dome atop which can be seen from miles around. It now has
23 galleries displaying portraits, furniture and household articles and
utensils used by the Nawab.
Mausoleum of National leaders : Located at the
south western corner of Suhrawardy Uddyan it is the eternal resting piece of
three great national leaders, Sher-e-Bangla A,K. Fazlull Haque, Hossain
Shahid Suhrawardy and Khawja Nazimuddin.
Banga Bhaban : Tourists can have a look (outside view only) of Banga
Bhaban, the official residence of the president.
Bara Katra: This building of grand scale, now almost in ruins, is
one of the most important remains of the Mughal peirod in Dhaka. If is of
the type of 'Katra' (enclosed quadrangle building) with a gigantic frontage
towards the river Buriganga. It was built by Abul Qasim, Dewan of Shah Shuja
in 1644 A.D. It served the purpose of a caravanserai.
Chota Katra: Situated about 200 yards east of Bara Katra, Chota
Katra was built in 1663 A.D. by Nawab Shaista Khan. This is of similar plan
and purpose as the Bara Katra but is smaller in size.
National Art Gallery : Situated in the Shilpakala Academy premises
this has a representative collection of folk-art and painting by artists of
National Assembly Complex : Sangsad Bhaban, the National Assembly
Complex in Sher-e-Bangla Nagar designed by the famous architect Luis 1. Kahn
has distinctive architectural features.
Suhrawardy Uddyan (Garden) : At a stone's thrown distance from Dhaka
Sheraton Hotel is the Suhrawardy Uddyan, formerly known as the Race Course,
the popular park of the city. It is here that the clarioncall for
independence of Bangladesh was given by Father of the Nation Bangabandhu
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman on the 7th March 1971 and curiously enough it is again
here that the commander of the occupation forces surrendered on the 16th
Baldha Garden : Baldha Garden has collection of rare plants and
Ramna Garden : Ramna park is a vast stretch of green ground
surrounded by a serpentine lake.
Zoological Garden : Called Mirpur Zoo, it is situated at Mirpur 16
km NW of Dhaka, on 230 acres of land.
Botonical Garden: Built over an area of 205 acres of land at Mirpur
just east of the Zoo. Objective of garden-botanical education, research,
preservation of plants and some recreation.
National Park : Situated at Rajendrapur, 40 km due north of Dhaka,
within Joydevpur Police Station in the magnificent Bhawal region of
Dhaka-Trishal-Mymensingh highway, this is a vast (1,600 acres) national
recreational forest, ideal for hose who love nature.
Curzon Hall : Beautiful architectural building named after Loard
Curzon. It now houses the Science Faculty of Dhaka University.
High Court Building : Originally built as the
residence of British Governor. it illustrate happy blend of European Mughal
Dhaka Zoo : Popularly known as Mirpur Zoo. Colourful and attractive
collections of different local and foreign species of animals and birds
including the majestic Royal Bengal Tiger are available here.
Central Shahid Minar : Symbol of Bengali nationalism. This monument
was built to commemorate the martyrs of the historic Language movement of
1952. Hundreds and thousands of people with floral wreaths and bouquet
gather on 21 February every year to pay respect in a solemn atmosphere.
Celebrations begin at zero hour of midnight.
Buddhist monastery : Kamalapur Buddhist Monastery.
National Poet's Graveyard : Revolutionary poet Kazi Nazrul Islam
died on the 29 August 1978 and was buried here. The graveyard is adjacent to
the Dhaka University Mosque.
Institute of Arts and Crafts : Situated in the picturesque
surroundings of Shahbagh the Institute of Arts and Crafts has a
representative collection of folk-art and paintings by artists of
Sonargaon : About 29 km. from Dhaka. Sonargaon is one of the oldest
capitals of Bangal. A Folk Arts and Crafts Museum has been established here.
Other attractions in and around Dhaka include the Institute of Arts and
Crafts with its representative collection of folk art and paintings,
handicraft shops. Aparajeya Bangla monument, picnic spots at Chandra and
Salna, industrial estates of Tongi, Narayanganj, Demara, Tejgaon, cruising
by country boat in the nearby river or a visit to a village to see jute
cultivation, weaving and pottery making. Last but not the least travel by a
horse driven cart or rickshaw along busy Dhaka streets is a rewarding
Picnic Spots : There are good picnic spots in the area around Savar
and Mirzapur. Other beauty spots connected by road with Dhaka include
Joydevpur, Sripur, Madhupur, Rajendrapur National Park, Chandra and Salna,
all of which have rest-houses that can be used by tourists on request to the
Forest Department. Bangaldesh Parjatan Corporation owns two picnic spots
with Bunglows at Chandra and Salna which can also be hired by tourists.
Sightseeing Tours : Bangladesh Parjatan Corporation runs conducted
sightseeing tours from its Tourist Information Centre at Dhaka Sheraton
Hotel. The duration of the Dhaka City sightseeing tours is three hours
approximately. The Corporation operates a number of other interesting
sightseeing tours around the Dhaka City (Ph: 8119192). For the transit
passengers the Corporation also runs special city sightseeing tours from
from the Tourist Information Centre, Zia International Airport, Ph:
Clubs : Dhaka Club, Dhaka, formed in 1851 in the name of Ramna Dhaka
Club. Accom, Rest. & Bar, Swimming Pool, Indoor Games, Tennis, Squash
Ph: 880-2- 8619180-4, 505800-4
Golf Club, Kurmitola, Temporary Membership for tourists available, Golf,
Rest. & Bar. Ph: 880-2-605301
Australian Club Rd. 83, Gulshan, Membership to all Australians and New
Zeaianders, Swimming, Tennis, Squash, Volleybal, Ph:880-2- 603775.
American Club, Gulshan, Membership open to all Americans and their
families, Swimming, Tennis, Squash, Volleyball, Basketball, Rest, Ph:
Swedish Club, Rd. 47, Gulshan, open to all Swedesh and their guests,
Swimming, Squash, Tennis, Ph: 880-2-601043.
Netherlands, Recreation Cantre, Road 74, house 33, Gulshan 2, members must
be Dutch, Swimming Tennis, Rest, Ph: 880-2-602039.
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